Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

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Blueberries have one of the highest antioxidant capacities among all fruits, vegetables, spices, and seasonings, thanks to their high anthocyanin content. Anthocyanins are the compounds that give blueberries their color. Blueberries are also low in calories, but high in total nutrient content, and they can help protect the human body against a variety of problems.



 

Wang, Yu-Ping, Ming-Liang Cheng, Bao-Fang Zhang, Mao Mu, and Jun Wu. Effects of blueberry on hepatic fibrosis and transcription factor Nrf2 in rats. World J Gastroenterol. 2010 Jun 7; 16(21): 2657–2663. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880779/

Jeyabalan, Jeyaprakash, et al. Chemopreventive and Therapeutic Activity of Dietary Blueberry against Estrogen-Mediated Breast Cancer. J Agric Food Chem. 2014 May 7; 62(18): 3963–3971. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4334276/

Ahmet, Ismayil, et al. Blueberry-Enriched Diet Protects Rat Heart from Ischemic Damage. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(6): e5954. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2693933/

Nair, Anand R., Carrie M. Elks, Jorge Vila, Fabio Del Piero, Daniel B. Paulsen, and Joseph Francis. A Blueberry-Enriched Diet Improves Renal Function and Reduces Oxidative Stress in Metabolic Syndrome Animals: Potential Mechanism of TLR4-MAPK Signaling Pathway. PLoS One. 2014; 9(11): e111976. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4221362/

Ren, Tingting, Chao Huang, and Mingliang Cheng. Dietary Blueberry and Bifidobacteria Attenuate Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Rats by Affecting SIRT1-Mediated Signaling Pathway. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014; 2014: 469059. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4265704/

Brewer, Gregory J., et al. Age-related toxicity of amyloid-beta associated with increased pERK and pCREB in primary hippocampal neurons: reversal by blueberry extract. J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Oct; 21(10): 991–998. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2891857/

Adams, Lynn S., et al. Blueberry Phytochemicals Inhibit Growth and Metastatic Potential of MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells Through Modulation of the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase Pathway. Cancer Res. 2010 May 1; 70(9): 3594–3605. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2862148/

Krikorian, Robert, et al. Blueberry Supplementation Improves Memory in Older Adults. J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Apr 14; 58(7): 3996–4000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2850944/